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    體制與個性

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2004年4月28日

    畢業離開學校,就要進入體制了。很多年輕人不知道,體制與個性是不相容的。

    體制就是要抑制或消滅個性。個性強的人在體制內,往往很難有好的發展,甚至很難生存下來。

    一個現代的人,一方面自我意識空前強烈,強調個性和自我價值;另一方面,又無比依賴日益機械化、標準化的工業社會,需要這個社會為他提供生活資料,同時接受社會為他安排的角色。其實,大多數人的個性,注定沒有機會顯露出來,因為社會不允許你有個性。在我們的生命里,服從社會的需要遠遠重要于服從自己的需要。從根本上看,我們大多數人都彼此相同,是工業社會這部巨大機器上的一個標準化零件罷了。

    今天,我讀到一篇文章《約翰·契弗短篇小說的創作技巧》,發現他專門寫這種情況。約翰·契弗是美國當代小說家,他筆下的主人公大部分都是上個世紀50年代,美國那些唯唯諾諾、小心謹慎的中產階級。那些人“敬畏現存體制,唯恐被體制排擠出來,磨光了個性的棱角,適應了體制,同時拋棄了自己的獨立性”。他們在公開場合是一副處處服從體制的面孔,私下場合則是另一副厭惡鄙視體制的面孔。

    “(那些中產階級)外表上過得很自由,但是內心卻是重重束縛。他們渴望有獨立的個性,但又唯恐自己在本質上與別人有差別。”

    表面上,每個人都在強調自己有獨立的人格,但是實際上,只要與他人稍稍有所不同,我們就會怕得要死,時刻都在提醒自己,一定要裝得與其他人一致。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:41:55

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