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    為什么給壞人辯護?

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2007年10月2日

    哈佛大學法學院教授艾倫·德肖微茨(Alan Dershowitz)是美國最有名的律師之一。

    他幾乎專門為惡棍辯護。在他的委托人里,有殺人犯、強奸犯、詐騙犯、間諜,甚至還有納粹戰犯。其中不少人,因為他的辯護,而無罪釋放。1994年轟動一時的橄欖球明星辛普森殺妻案,就是他辯護的。

    他在著作《最好的辯護》一書中,解釋了為什么要給壞人辯護?

    他有三點理由,我覺得說得非常好。

    首先,一個公正的司法制度,不僅應該對好人有利,也應該對最壞的人有利。美國司法制度的核心在于,任何人都有權對強加于自己的控告提出異議。試想,如果美國的制度變成有罪的人、可恥的人、或至少是在那些有權有勢的人看來是這樣的人,都被剝奪了受辯護的權利,那會是怎樣的情景!

    其次,有一種錯誤的觀念,認為政府就代表了正義,好像只要政府勝訴,就等于實現了正義。可是,大多數刑事案件,在對被告的定罪中,政府都使用了非法的、侵犯公民權利的手段,來獲取證據。這是不能夠被接受的,因為”罪犯的逃之夭夭與政府的非法行為相比,罪孽要小得多“(聯邦最高法院法官霍爾姆斯語)。何況,德肖微茨接受委托的案件,都是單槍匹馬的個人與龐然大物之爭,他都選擇為弱勢的一方辯護。

    最后,在任何情況下,都應該允許有不同的聲音。用好的言論同壞的言論做斗爭,而不是限制那些言論。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:41:57

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