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    學位的作用

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2008年1月30日

    美國風險投資家 Paul Graham 有一篇長文《未來的互聯網創業》,其中一節談到未來的高等教育,非常具有啟發性。

    ”在我的成長年代,大學學位看上去真的很重要。但是,學位并沒有魔力,當你參加完大學里最后一場考試,沒有東西會發生神奇的變化。學位的重要性僅僅在于大型組織行政管理上的需要。它們肯定能夠影響你的人生----沒有本科學位,你很難申請研究生院入學,或者得到一張美國的工作簽證----但是這種衡量標準的重要性將變得越來越小。“

    當我讀到”學位的重要性僅僅在于大型組織行政管理上的需要“這句話的時候,有一種豁然開朗的感覺。長久以來,我對學位的作用就有一些模糊的想法,在這里似乎找到了答案。

    本質上,學位的作用就是證明你參加過一段時間的學習,并且通過了考核,其他什么也證明不了。但是,雖然學位的證明能力有限,可是如果沒有它,有些事情你就做不成,有些地方你就去不了。那么為什么這張不太可靠的證書,能夠起到這么大的作用呢?

    答案是學歷很容易量化,而能力不容易量化。如果不是熟人,我們很難說甲的能力比乙強,但是可以很容易地說,甲的學歷比乙高。所以,雖然學歷證明不了能力,但它往往會成為判斷能力的一個指標。

    越是大型化的組織,越不容易判斷一個人的能力。這里有兩個原因。一個是大型組織里,個人表現出來的作用有限;另一個是大型組織里層級眾多,即使你有出色表現,了解這一點的人也不會很多。所以,在大型組織里,判斷一個人的能力,往往會考慮學位。組織越大,學位的作用越重要。相反的,在小型組織中,學位的作用就不太重要,因為大家彼此都很清楚每個人的能力。組織越小,學位越不重要。

    因此,如果你想去大公司或者政府部門工作,學位肯定是很重要的。如果你在小公司里工作,有沒有學位是無所謂的。推論是,高學歷的人找工作,首選大公司;低學歷的人找工作,首選小公司。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:41:57

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