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    暴力的根源

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2008年3月22日

    我想來說說兩件看上去沒有關系的事情。

    第一件事情是,我讀碩士研究生的時候,有一次以色列駐美國大使來訪問,開了一個交流座談會。我列席旁聽。

    會議一開始是大使介紹中東局勢,然后是中方學者提問。只見一個老師拿起話筒,很不客氣地批評了以色列政府的巴勒斯坦政策。他有一句話,我記憶猶新,他說:

    ”我們反對恐怖主義,但是也不能忘記恐怖主義產生的根源。“

    暴徒固然應該受到譴責和懲罰,但是這些人為什么選擇暴力作為表達意見的手段,這個問題卻是不能被忽略的。我們不能不深思,暴力的根源到底在哪里,他們為什么恨我們?

    第二件事情出自美國科幻小說家阿西莫夫的自傳《人生舞臺》(上海科技教育出版社,2002)。

    阿西莫夫本人是猶太人,對美國社會中的反猶主義有很多切身感受。但是他覺得,周圍的其他一些猶太人對反猶主義過于偏激和盲目了,他們只關心和抗議猶太人是否遭到迫害,對于其他人----比如黑人----的境遇卻不聞不問、漠不關心。

    在一次集會上,阿西莫夫實在忍不住了,他說猶太人應該學會寬容:

    ”你和我都是生活在一個95%的人都是非猶太人的國度里的猶太人。我們都生活得很好。我很想知道如果我們是非猶太人,生活在一個95%的人都是正統派猶太教徒的國家里,我們會怎么樣?……美國猶太人最好想象一下,今天在以色列發生的情況,如果那里的角色互換,巴勒斯坦人在統治,猶太人在絕望地扔石塊,那么他們也許會比較清楚地認識那里的情況。“

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:41:58

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