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    現代人為什么焦慮?

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2009年8月13日

    現代人為什么焦慮?簡單說,因為他是消費者。

    理由很簡單。現在的社會是一個”富裕社會“(Affluent Society),物質極大豐富,大部分的生產力都被用來生產消費品。”富裕社會“的存在和發展,依賴于大量的商品不斷被生產出來,然后被消費掉。如果生產和消費停滯,”富裕社會“就會崩潰。

    為了促進消費,就必須鼓勵每個公民進行消費,必須把消費變成人的本能和欲望。企業和政府通過宣傳工具,傳播消費主義和享樂主義,刺激人的欲望。最終,大多數人感到,活著的目的就是消費,而且消費得越多越好,這個社會鼓勵多消費的人。

    一旦你不消費或者無力消費,就會被排擠到社會的邊緣,受到其他人的鄙視。這就造成了”富裕社會“中,個人的緊張和負擔。所以,這就是現代人焦慮的根源。一方面,內心的欲望和外界的壓力,都要求他更多地消費,另一方面他又感到經濟條件的限制,充滿了對失去消費能力的恐懼。

    我是在一本叫做《訪美觀感》的書中,看到上面這段推理的。

    1978年,中國社會科學院組織了一個赴美考察團,成員包括宦鄉、宋一平、費孝通、錢鍾書、李新、趙復三等。回來之后,就出了這樣一本書,講述對美國資本主義的認識。

    此書第19頁,考察團報告說,美國學術界正流行馬爾庫塞,此人認為,美國已經進入”富裕社會“,美國人民被”異化“,成為消費工具,個人普遍存在緊張和負擔。”盡管美國心理治療十分普遍,但是人們的心理緊張壓抑,其根源在于社會,并不是所謂心理治療能消除的。這被稱為由社會結構轉化為個人心理結構的真正矛盾。“

    我覺得,說得很有道理。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:41:59

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