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    保持愚蠢

    作者: 阮一峰

    日期:2010年7月2日

    蘋果公司創始人喬布斯有一句名言。

    Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.

    直譯就是”保持饑餓,保持愚蠢“。也就是說,喬布斯告誡年輕人,永遠懷有強烈的求知欲,以及虛心求教的態度。

    我原以為,這句話只是一句勵志格言。今天看到一篇文章,才意識到它其實是一種糾正人類心理缺陷的對策。

    心理學研究發現:

    • 96%的癌癥病人,認為自己比其他癌癥病人健康。
    • 93%的司機,認為自己的安全意識高于普通司機。
    • 90%的學生,認為自己的智力在平均水平之上。
    • 94%的教授,認為自己的教學水平高于學校的平均水平。
    • 92%的訪問者,都認為自己比一般人更公正。

    這種對自己的高估是普遍存在的。心理學有一個專門名詞,就叫做”虛幻的優越性“(illusory superiority)。

    正是由于這個原因,喬布斯才會說”stay foolish“,因為大多數人意識不到這一點。他們覺得自己不是 foolish,而是 smart(聰明)。一個典型表現就是,許多人都急于讓別人知道自己的看法,哪怕對方根本沒有詢問你。

    現在變一下,如果你假設自己比別人笨、知道的東西比別人少,會怎樣?

    你將會發現,這不會對你造成任何傷害,反而有很多好處。為什么?因為你會更多地傾聽,更多地提問。

    你承認自己是一個新手,這使你把自己放在學生的位置。它讓你更關注當前的情況,以及未來的變化,而不是陶醉于過去的成就。

    大多數人太關注自己的形象,覺得顯露無知是很丟人的事情,所以他們寧愿假裝懂得,也不愿開口詢問。他們一心想讓別人看到,自己干得多么漂亮,但是又不肯接受丑陋的結果,所以到頭來一事無成。

    只有你承認自己的落后,才能破除這種自我麻痹。因為不管你做出了什么結果,都代表了你的進步。

    讓我們聽取喬布斯的建議,在內心中,與其相信自己是聰明人,不如相信自己是一個愚蠢的人,勇敢地把無知暴露出來。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:42:00

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