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    Michael S. Hart 去世了

    作者: 阮一峰

    2011年9月9日

    早上起床看到訃告,古登堡計劃宣布,創始人 Michael S. Hart(1947-2011)去世。我非常難受。

    古登堡計劃是世界上最早的電子書網站,全部由志愿者維護,主要提供公共領域的文史作品下載,完全免費。目前,藏書量約為36000種,囊括20世紀之前的主要英語文學作品。

    它是由 Michael S. Hart 在1971年創建的。那一年的7月4日,美國國慶日,24歲的Hart像往常一樣,去伊利諾斯大學的機房上班。路過一家藥店的時候,有人發給他一張傳單,上面印著《獨立宣言》。Hart看著這張傳單,心想也許可以把它輸入電腦,他就這樣成了世界上第一個將《獨立宣言》變成電子文本的人。(請注意,那個年代的電腦既沒有顯示器,也沒有鍵盤,所謂”電子文本“指的就是一卷紙帶,而制作紙帶比鍵盤打字麻煩得多。)

    Hart 意識到,電子文本的傳播比紙質文本方便得多,可以讓更多的人受益。從此一發不可收拾,他接連將《圣經》和莎士比亞作品輸入電腦,并且發起了古登堡計劃(古登堡是印刷機的發明者),號召全世界的志愿者加入,一起把公共領域的書籍變成電子文本,放上網供人們下載。

    上世紀末,我開始上網的時候,Google 和 Wikipedia 都還不存在。我想看英語小說,但是不知道哪里有。這時,我就發現了古登堡計劃。我被它震驚了,世界上居然有人做這樣的”傻事“:辛辛苦苦把一本書輸入電腦,然后放上網供用戶下載,一分錢也不收,只為了讓你看到它,只為了讓這個世界變得更美好一點!

    我就是從這個時候,開始明白了,有一種人生叫做分享,有一種方式叫做合作,有一種態度叫做開放,有一種精神叫做奉獻。生命的意義或許就是讓別人得到更多。后來,我在維基百科和開源軟件中,一再目睹這種模式的威力,堅定了自己的人生也走這條道路的決心。

    Michael S. Hart 與理查德·斯托曼一樣,都是我心目中的英雄和偉人。他有一句口號”把電子書帶給世界“(Give the world eBooks),我一直覺得這是一句很偉大的話,就好像普羅米修斯說”把光明帶給人類“。只有那些最了不起的人才有勇氣說出這種話,并用一生實踐它。

    幾個月前,Michael S. Hart 曾經寫過一段話,很好地反映了他的想法:

    ”大多數人沒有意識到,電子書有一個特點。它是人類有史以來,制造出來的第一種像空氣一樣取之不竭的產品。如果你仔細思考這一點,你就會意識到,我們正在做正確的事情。“

    現在,他去世了,但是他開辟的事業永存。那是正確的道路,將一直有人走下去。

    謝謝你,Michael S. Hart 先生。感謝你所做的一切。在遙遠的中國,這對一個青年的成長起到了決定性的影響。

    最后生成于 2018-7-9 07:42:00

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